Sports Track and Field Track and Field is a sport that consists of a number of events.
According to some literary traditions, this was the only athletic event of the games for the first 13 Olympic festivals. Other evidence, both literary and archaeological, suggests that the games may have existed at Olympia much earlier than this date, perhaps as early as the tenth or ninth century BC.
A series of bronze tripods have been found at Olympia, some of which appear to be dated at about the ninth century BC, and it has also been suggested that these tripods may in fact be prizes for some of the early events at Olympia.
The marathon was not an event of the ancient Olympic Games. The marathon is a modern event that was first introduced in the Modern Olympic Games of in Athens, a race from Marathon—northeast of Athens—to the Olympic Stadium, a distance of According to the fifth-century BC ancient Greek historian Herodotus, Pheidippides delivered the news to the Spartans the next day.
The distance of the modern marathon was standardized as 26 miles and yards or The distance was the exact measurement between Windsor Castle, the start of the race, and the finish line inside White City Stadium.
From BC, the games were held in Olympia every four years for almost twelve centuries. Additional athletic events were gradually added until, by the fifth century BC, the religious festival consisted of a five-day program.
The athletic events included three foot races stadion, diaulos, and dolichos as well as the pentathlon five contests: Additional events, both equestrian and for humans, were added throughout the course of the history of the Olympic Games.
Equestrian events, held in the hippodromos, were an important part of the athletic program of the ancient Olympic Games and by the fifth century BC included the tethrippon and the keles.
Track-and-field athletics in the United States dates from the s. As track and field developed as a modern sport, a major issue for all athletes was their status as amateurs. For many years track and field was considered a purely amateur sport and athletes could not accept training money or cash prizes.
If charged with professionalism, athletes could be banned from competition for life. InAmerican Jim Thorpe was stripped of his Olympic victories in the decathlon and pentathlon and banned from further competition after it was learned he had played semiprofessional baseball. Over the next 30 years, the U.
During that time, the U. The venture, although popular among fans, went bankrupt after several years. Few athletes wanted to participate in ITA competitions because athletes were actually receiving larger illegal payments for appearing at amateur meets than legitimate professionals were making on the new circuit.
Many athletes also turned away from ITA competition because it disqualified them from participating in future Olympic Games. Track and field has been the centerpiece of the Summer Olympic Games since their revival in International professional running, initiated in the s, has had limited success.Aug 09, · Women became participants in Olympic track and field in , when five women's events were run, per tranceformingnlp.com Today, track .
By , the number of Olympic track and field events had grown from these original 12 to a total of 47 events. This evolution occurred due to at least two major factors.
Separate but related sports are often considered to be part of the track and field family. Cross-country is a fall and winter activity for distance runners, with races of – km (2 – 12 mi) being run over pastoral terrain — often golf courses in the United States and rugged farmland in other countries.
What were track and field events like at the ancient Olympic games compared to the modern Olympics? Read this brief history of Olympic track and field. Olympic Games History.
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Track and Field is a sport that consists of a number of events. These events include athletics such as running, jumping, and throwing. Most of the events are individual but a few, like relay events.